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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部統計處(民85):中華民國八十二年台灣地區殘障者生活狀況調查報告。台北:內政部統計處。
  2. 台北市政府勞工局(民86):殘障者社區化就業服務輯。台北:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。
  3. 台灣省政府勞工處(民85):殘障者就業服務優良案例專輯。台北:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。
  4. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(民81):殘障者支持性就業服務工作成果評估專輯。台北:行政院勞工委員會職 業訓練局。
  5. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(民82):殘障者支持性就業服務工作優良案例專輯。台北:行政院勞工委員會職 業訓練局。
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱淑敏(2014)。庇護工場經營現況與精進方案之探討-以高雄地區為例。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2014。1-135。 
  2. 林麗珍(2012)。身心障礙者社區化就業服務成效影響因素與服務品質之探討。臺灣大學職能治療研究所學位論文。2012。1-143。 
  3. 黃蕙蓮(2005)。高職特教班就業轉銜服務現況與相關因素之探討。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-125。
  4. 陳家棟(2007)。臺北縣身心障礙者就業服務人員職業耗竭與離職傾向之研究。臺灣師範大學復健諮商研究所學位論文。2007。1-137。
  5. 鄭豪豐(2008)。聽覺障礙者就業需求技能之研究。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-61。
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