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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳慧珍(2000):探討學生透過網際網路進行合作學習對其科學技能的影響。國立台灣師範大學地球科學研究所(未出版)。
    2. 邱富宏、陳錦章(2002):融入認知策略與工具的網路學習環境對學生學習影響的研究,科學教育學刊,10(3),261-285。
    3. 張俊彥、董家莒(2000):「問題解決」或「無問題解決」?電腦輔助教學成效的比較研究,科學教育學刊,8(4),357-377。
    4. 張欣怡(1997):地球科學不同課文表徵教材對學習表現之研究。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所(未出版)。
    5. 許瑛玿、廖桂菁(2002):情境式網路輔助學習之研發與實踐。科學教育學刊,10(2),157-178。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 孫賢霖(2008)。應用鷹架教學策略於網頁設計技能檢定數位學習課程之研究。臺東大學進修部教學科技碩在職進修專(暑)學位論文。2008。1-143。 
    2. 曾明隆(2006)。應用多媒體網路資源輔助教學對國三生地球科學學習成就影響之評估。臺灣師範大學地球科學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-146。
    3. 周源本(2006)。探究應用不同「教學法」於WISE課程對國三學生地球科學學習的影響。臺灣師範大學地球科學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-117。
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