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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 教育部 (民89)。高中職多元入學方案。
  2. 教育部 (民92)。國民中小學九年一貫課程數學領域課程綱要。
  3. Ahlberg, Cscocsan (1999). How children who are blind experience numbers. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 93, 549-560.
  4. Berla , E. P. , & Murr M. J. (1975). Psychophysical functions for active tactual discrimination of line width by blind children. Perception and Psychophysics, 17, 607-612.
  5. Berla, E. P., & Butterfield, L. H. (1977). Tactual distinctive features analysis: Training students in shape recongnition and in locating shapes on a map. Journal of special Education, 11, 335-346.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹登凱(2010)。珠算教學介入對視覺障礙學生乘除計算成效之個案研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2010。1-150。 
  2. 蘇旭琳(2006)。DIF分析在小樣本情境中的效果—以視障生和普通生在國中基測數學科之DIF為例。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2006。1-134。
  3. 楊心茹(2011)。新北市國民中學身心障礙學生家長對學校實施評量調整認知之調查研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-110。
  4. 張瑞娟(2012)。報讀與口述回答之評量調整措施對國中學習障礙學生閱讀理解表現之比較研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-132。
  5. 簡群恩(2014)。外加口述影像之評量調整措施對重度視障生在數學科圖題理解之成效。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-140。
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