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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳忠吉(2001)。知識經濟下的人力資源政策。臺灣經濟研究月刊,278,49-54。
  2. 潘慧玲(2004)。發展國民中小學教師教學專業能力指標之研究(普及版)。台北:教育部。
  3. 顏佩如(2002)。全球教育的初探。教育研究月刊,102,76-92。
  4. 顏佩如(2004)。課程圖像重建:學校全球教育課程發展之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育學系博士論文,未出版,台北。
  5. 戴曉霞(2001)。全球化及國家/市場關係的轉變:高等教育市場化之脈絡分析。教育研究集刊,47,301-328。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林怡君(2010)。The Intercultural Competence Level of University Students in Taiwan。臺灣師範大學國際人力資源發展研究所學位論文。2010。1-93。
  2. 林祺榕(2014)。國中綜合活動課程融入和平教育課程設計與實施之行動研究。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-231。
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