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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王彩鈴(2004)。學習動機提昇教學方案融入英語科教學對國中生學習動機與學習成就之影響。慈濟大學教育研究所,未出版,花蓮市。
  2. 石宇立(2006)。我國高中職學生學習動機之後設分析研究。國立臺灣師範大工業教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 李欣憶(2005)。問題導向學習應用於高中地理海岸環境議題教學之研究。國立臺灣師範大學地理學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 李隆盛(1998)。專校教學品質與教學評鑑,技術及職業教育雙月刊,43,25-31。
  5. 沈禎娥(2004)。商職會計教育學生學習成效分析—以E-learning融入教學為例。中原大學會計研究所碩士論文。中壢市。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭秀珍(2010)。合作學習STAD模式對數學學習態度與同儕互動之探討-以北縣一所國中為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-188。
  2. 莊耿閔(2011)。WebQuest 教學設計應用於國中九年級數學低成就學生之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-100。
  3. 楊宛慈(2012)。我國網頁主題式探究學習成效之後設分析研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-150。
  4. 陳昱蓁(2012)。高中生對輔助性音樂欣賞教學策略之學習動機調查 -以臺北市高中為例。臺灣師範大學音樂學系學位論文。2012。1-199。
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