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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Pardo, Angel Pardo, Vicente Meneu, Enric Valor, 2002. “Temperature and Seasonality Influences on Spanish Electricity Load,” Energy Economics. 24:55-70.
  2. 2. Ziramba, Emmanuel Ziramba, 2008. “The Demand for Residential Electricity in South Africa,” Energy Policy. 36:3460-3466.
  3. 3. Hondroyiannis, George Hondroyiannis, 2004. “Estimating Residential Demand for Electricity in Greece,” Energy Economics. 26:319-334.
  4. 4. Bernard, Jean-Thomas Bernard, Denis Bolduc, Nadege-Desiree Yameogo, 2011. “A Pseudo-panel Data Model of Household Electricity Demand,” Resource and Energy Economics. 33:315-325.
  5. 5. Filippini, Massimo Filippini, Shonali Pachauri, 2004. “Elasticities of Electricity Demand in Urban Indian Households,” Energy Policy. 32:429-436.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張永鴻(2013)。台灣住宅用電需求函數估計-季節性與動態分析。淡江大學產業經濟學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-60。 
  2. 謝宜峰(2013)。家庭用戶建置智慧型電表之減碳效益評估。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-84。 
  3. 陳翰輝(2014)。應用特徵價格法推估桃園埤塘對房價之影響。臺北大學自然資訊與環境管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-138。
  4. 鐘健晉(2014)。TFT-LCD製程耗能指標研究─以時間序列分析。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2014。1-97。
  5. 林逸璇(2016)。以生態環境影響觀點探討滯洪公園之共效益。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2016。1-89。
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