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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 162 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 18、James Surowiecki著:《The Wisdom of Crowds》,Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group,2005年。
  2. 1、高銘章:《利用XML技術建立支援合作及註解功能之文件工作平台》,成功大學電機工程研究所碩士論文,2001年。
  3. 4、張尚斌:《詞夾子演算法在專有名詞辨識上的應用─以歷史文件為例》,國立臺灣大學資訊工程研究所碩士論文,2006年。
  4. 7、陳品諺:《《清實錄》之文本標記與時間分析初探》,臺灣大學電機資訊學院資訊工程系碩士論文,2011年。
  5. 8、黃俊彥:《胡仔《苕溪漁隱叢話‧前集》引書研究》,國立臺北大學古典文獻與民俗藝術研究所古典文獻組碩士論文,2015年7月。
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