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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳珮瑛、曾筱芬、傅祖壇,2009。心臟血管疾病門診醫療需求及其預防效益之評估—納入異質性病患與就醫相關時間成本。應用經濟論叢,85期,155-194。
  2. 吳珮瑛、廖珮吟,2008。臺灣主要國家公園之效益評估-納入時間成本之需求體系旅行成本法。農業經濟叢刊,13卷,2期,1-48。
  3. 李杰憲,2009。心血管疾病改善之經濟效益分析-旅行成本法之應用。經濟研究,46卷,1期,103-140。
  4. 林俊全、張菀文,1999。紅樹林的特性與淡水河紅樹林保育研究。地景保育通訊,11期,27-29。
  5. 張睿昇、戴昌鳳,2003全球變遷對海岸濕地的衝擊與生物群聚的應變。全球變遷通訊雜誌,37期,11-16。
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