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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 11. 吳怡靜(2010),〈台灣年輕女孩社會史─以商展小姐為例〉。2010年女學會年度研討會(摘要),屏東教育大學。
  2. 17. 李宗侗(譯)(1988),《希臘羅馬古代社會史》,台北:文化大學。(N. D. Fustel de Coulanges, 1858)
  3. 18. 李建寧(2006),《平面媒體女性新聞人物報導之性別分析-以夏禕事件為例》,國立高雄師範大學性別教育研究所碩士學位論文。
  4. 24. 林佳慧(2003),〈以女性主義觀點進行車站特定區都市設計之研究-以台南火車站特定區為例〉,國立成功大學都市計畫碩士論文。
  5. 31. 施舜翔(2010),〈自主女子的被巫婆化與獻祭過後的再處女化:論迪士尼童話對女性醜化與壓迫〉,《文化研究雙月報》,109,159-167。
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