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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.牛君白、鄭伯壎(2006)。家長式領導及其效能之再探:一項情境故事法的分析。台北:國立台灣大學心理學研究所。
  2. 4.王叢桂(1992)。三個世代大學畢業工作者的價值觀,海峽兩岸之企業倫理與工作價值,台北:遠流出版社。
  3. 5.王叢桂(2002),影響工作價值觀傳遞因素之研究:男性中小企業主及一般職業工作者子女之比較。應用心理研究,14 期,117-150。
  4. 6.朴英培、黃俊英、郭崑謨(1988),工作價值觀、領導型態、工作滿足與組織承諾關係之研究-以韓國電子業為例,管理評論, 7,頁53-87。
  5. 7.吳宗祐、徐瑋伶、鄭伯壎(2002):〈怒不可遏?或忍氣吞聲?華人企業中主管威權領導行為與部屬憤怒情緒反應的關係〉。本土心理學研究,19,3-49。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顏心彥(2011)。臺北市街舞專區街舞舞者使用後評估之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-125。
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