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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [7]財團法人國家文化藝術基金會,2004,文化創意產業實務全書,城邦文化,台北。
  2. [1]林媛婉,2004,台灣工藝研究的議題-一個後殖民文化論述的觀點,朝陽設計學報。9(2),1-12。
  3. [3]楊燕枝、吳思華,2005,文化創意產業的價值創造形塑之初探,行銷評論第2卷,第三期,p316。
  4. 《中文書籍》
  5. [1]王玉齡,2004,視覺藝術,從在地到全球的人文產業思考,典藏藝術家庭,台北。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方圓媛(2010)。口腔及口咽癌患者於治療後身體活動狀況探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-85。 
  2. 張文蓓(2008)。癌症病人之疼痛、生物節律與睡眠障礙之相關性探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-106。
  3. 黃韶微(2013)。國小一年級學童瑜珈運動介入之注意力影響。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-108。
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