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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 何宗穎(2002),電子新產品發展之資源配置與績效之關係—以PDA 為例,淡江大學企業管理研究所,碩士論文。
  2. 4. 林子雲(2008),運用品質機能展開結合分析網路程序法於新產品開發,國立虎尾科技大學工業工程所,碩士論文。
  3. 7. 林智偉 (2006),新產品開發績效之衡量–灰關聯與資料包絡法支應用,國立虎尾科技大學工業工程所,碩士論文。
  4. 8. 陳妍方 (2008),敏捷供應鏈之適應性配送,國立交通大學交通運輸研究所,碩士論文。
  5. 9. 陳虹遐 (2004),應用分析網路程序法於液晶電視之生態效益評估,國立成功大學工業設計研究所,碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫武年(2011)。艦艇後勤維保導入外包策略關鍵性指標分析。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-77。 
  2. 許文齡(2013)。提升顧客服務品質準則之分析與探討—以餐飲業為例。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-76。
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