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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 林佩瑩、廖學誠 (2008),應用模糊德爾菲法分析高雄愛河綠廊功能之研究,臺灣大學生物資源暨農學院實驗林研究報告,第二十二卷第二期,89-106頁。
  2. 4. 林俊宏、曾國雄、任維廉 (2005),利用 VIKOR 方法解決企業資源規劃系統評選問題,農業與經濟 (Agriculture and Economics),第三十四卷,69-90頁。
  3. 9. 張寧、汪明生、陳耀明 (2008),以詮釋結構模式法探討直航對高雄總體發展影響之策略,管理學報,第二十五卷第六期,635-649頁。
  4. 13. 陳妍方 (2008),敏捷供應鏈之適應性配送,國立交通大學交通運輸研究所,碩士論文。
  5. 14. 陳志堅、唐麗英、王春和 (2007),應用因素分析與 VIKOR 方法構建多變量管制程序,品質學報,第一十四卷,第一期,57-67頁。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊子豪(2014)。供應鏈長鞭效應、敏捷力與績效關聯性之研究。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-122。 
  2. 卓政憲(2018)。因應長鞭效應之關鍵供應鏈敏捷力。虎尾科技大學工業管理系工業工程與管理碩士班學位論文。2018。1-101。
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