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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 顧祐瑞, 蔡麗瑤, 林美智, 楊禮安, 賴國誌, 范振一, et al., "保健食品檢出西藥成分之分析," 藥物食品檢驗局調查研究年報, pp. 131-142, 2009.
  2. [2] 賴國誌, 王依婷, 曾木全, 林美智, 顧祐瑞, 蔡麗瑤, et al., "97 年度調製劑中藥檢出西藥成分之分析," 藥物食品檢驗局調查研究年報, pp. 118-130, 2009.
  3. [3] 賴國誌, 范振一, 曾木全, 林美智, 顧祐瑞, 楊禮安, et al., "九十五年度調製劑中藥檢出西藥成分之分析 Survey on Adulterants in Chinese Medicinal Preparations during the Fiscal Year 2006," 藥物食品檢驗局調查研究年報, pp. 80-89, 2007.
  4. [4] 賴國誌, 曾木全, 林美智, 楊禮安, 蔡麗瑤, 劉宜祝, et al., "九十四年度調製劑中藥檢出西藥成分之分析," Ann Rept. BFDA Taiwan ROC, vol. 24, pp. 121-136, 2006.
  5. [5] 賴國誌, 廖永智, 林美智, 顧祐瑞, 徐雅慧, 蔡麗瑤, et al., "100 年度調製劑中藥檢出西藥成分之分析," 食品藥物研究年報, pp. 358-365, 2012.
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