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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 109 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.尹以修(2004),軍事資訊系統計畫建案風險管理之研究,臺灣大學商學研究所,碩士論文。
  2. 4.吳怡萱(2014),應用PLS與DANP改善機場服務品質缺口之研究-以桃園機場為例,淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士班,碩士論文。
  3. 5.李大仁(2007),精練生產、敏捷製造與大量客製化的做法與其對製造績效的影響,大同大學事業經營學系(所),碩士論文。
  4. 7.邱皓政 (2011), “當 PLS 遇上 SEM: 議題與對話”, αβγ 量化研究學刊, Vol.3, No.1, pp.20-53.
  5. 9.莊錦賜, &林芳如(2011),“台灣顧客滿意指數模型之研究-以中醫診所為例, 嶺東學報, 第29期, 19-55.”
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳振維(2016)。供應鏈風險、長鞭效應、精實與績效關係之研究。虎尾科技大學工業管理系工業工程與管理碩士班學位論文。2016。1-108。
  2. 卓政憲(2018)。因應長鞭效應之關鍵供應鏈敏捷力。虎尾科技大學工業管理系工業工程與管理碩士班學位論文。2018。1-101。
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