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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Abbott, R. J. (1986). An integrated approach to software development. New York: Wiley.
  2. Armour, P. G. (2000). The five orders of ignorance. Communication of the ACM, 43(10), 17-20.
  3. Bauman, Z. (1992 ). Intimations of postmodernity: London: Routledge.
  4. Baumann, K., & Thomas, B. (2001). User interface design for electronic appliances. New York: Taylor & Francis Press.
  5. Benktzon, M. (1993). Designing for our future selves: the Swedish experience. Applied Ergonomics, 24, 19-27.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳建行(2012)。盲用物品資訊交換平台之建置與研究。中山醫學大學應用資訊科學學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-67。 
  2. 陳彥呈(2011)。陣風效應對風力發電機在停機狀態下之氣動力數值模擬研究。國立臺灣大學工程科學及海洋工程學系學位論文。2011。1-77。 
  3. 曾羽華(2010)。盲文點字應用於手機文字輸入之創新設計研究。大同大學工業設計學系所學位論文。2010。1-184。
  4. 童素儀(2012)。大專校院聽障生人際關係、自我概念與手語翻譯需求性之相關性研究。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2012。1-72。
  5. 徐秀維(2013)。「行」不得也:障礙者外出移動之困境與經驗--以嘉義地區為例。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2013。1-164。
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