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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.邱宥浦、楊茹媛、翁敏航、陳文照、蘇炎坤, 光連雙月刊「第三代高效率太陽能電池技術與發展」第68期;PIDA出版, (2007/03).
  2. 3.R. B king, Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. (John Wiley&Sons, New York, 1994).
  3. 5.W. T. Carnall et al, A Systematic Analysis of Spectra of the Lanthanides Doped into Single Crystal LaF3. (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, 1988).
  4. 8.Kanie M. Gomi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 35, 1798 (1996).
  5. 13.F. Auzel, Chemical Reviews 104, 139 (2004).
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林思妙(2013)。上轉換BaGdF5:Yb3+, Er3+螢光粉之合成特性鑑定與其在生化檢測與染料敏化太陽能電池之應用。交通大學應用化學系所學位論文。2013。1-97。 
  2. 葉愷原(2015)。稀土離子活化新穎螢光粉之發光特性探討及其應用。中原大學化學工程研究所學位論文。2015。1-125。 
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