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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王純娟(2006)。哀傷或不哀傷?當西方的哀傷治療過上台灣的宗教信仰與民俗。生死學研究,3,93-131。
  2. 白惠芳(2001)。年輕喪偶婦女的情感生活。新使者,67,49-52。
  3. 石世明(2008)。悲傷輔導新觀念-從心靈成長到悲傷轉化。腫瘤護理雜誌,8(1),27-33。
  4. 伍育英(2009)。基督宗教信念對女性喪偶者生命意義重構歷程之敘說研究(未出版之博士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系,台北市。
  5. 汪文聖(2001)。現象學方法與理論之反思:一個質性方法之介紹。應用心理研究(12),49-76。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪翠蓮(Tsui-Lian Hung);謝依靜(I-Ching Hsieh);張麗珍(Li-Chen Chang)(2022)。透過敘事會談方式協助悲傷中的癌末病人家屬。安寧療護雜誌。26(2)。165-177。 
  2. 李盈儒(2016)。芻苦尋根─青少年期經歷喪手足者與已逝手足之持續性連結經驗。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2016。1-183。 
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