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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] Dawson, R.M.A. et al, “The impact of the transient response of organic light emitting diodes on the design of active matrix OLED displays”, IEDM '98 Technical Digest, p.875 (1998)
  2. [3] W. B. Choi et al, “Fully sealed, high-brightness carbon-nanotube field-emission display”, Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 75 (1999)
  3. [4] J. I. Pannkove, “Display Devices (Topics in Applied Physics)”, Chap.4, Springer-Verlag (1980)
  4. [5] E. Lueder, Liquid Crystal Displays, John Wiley & Sons, p.294 (2000)
  5. [6] H.-T. Huang, C.-H. Hung, Y.-P. Huang, C.-H. Tien, C.C. Tsai, H.-P. D. Shieh, J. Lin, J. Chen, P. Chen, and W.-C. Chang, “UV Excited Flat Lighting (UFL) System for LCD-TV Backlight Application,” SID’08 DIGEST, p.862-p.865 (2008)
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐芷妘(2013)。社區老人罹患老年症候群與死亡之相關性。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-75。 
  2. 程淑珠(2011)。眩暈患者的生活壓力、社會支持和睡眠品質之探討。國立臺北教育大學生命教育與健康促進研究所學位論文。2011。1-143。 
  3. 李晉宏(2016)。LED封裝段之點膠製程最佳化。交通大學管理學院工業工程與管理學程學位論文。2016。1-40。
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