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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 135 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 40. 黃榮堅,基礎刑法學(上),元照出版有限公司,三版1刷,2006年9月。
  2. 42. 楊淑文,民事實體法與程序法爭議問題,元照出版有限公司,初版第1刷,2006年6月。
  3. 6. 王澤鑑,損害賠償法專題研究系列之六:財產上損害賠償(一)—人身損害,月旦法學雜誌,第129期,2006年2月。
  4. 7. 王澤鑑,損害賠償法專題研究系列之七:財產上損害賠償(二)—為新生命而負責:人之尊嚴與損害概念(Wrongful birth及Wrongful life),月旦法學雜誌,第131期,2006年4月。
  5. 12. 許士宦,損害數額之酌定,台大法學論叢,第39卷第1期。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾威融(2013)。高齡者聽覺對室內避難行為影響之研究。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-129。 
  2. 高愷均(2015)。臺灣智慧財產法院損害賠償判決實證研究。國立臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-187。 
  3. 呂柔慧(2017)。我國專利損害賠償方法暨舉證責任之研究—以美、日、德國法與我國判決實證為中心。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2017。1-152。
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