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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Ahn, S., D. J. Denis and D. K. Denis (2006). "Leverage and investment in diversified firms." Journal of Financial Economics 79(2): 317-337.
  2. 3. Anderson, R. C., A. Duru, and D. M. Reeb (2009). "Founders, heirs, and corporate opacity in the United States." Journal of Financial Economics 92(2): 205-222.
  3. 4. Anderson, R. C. and D. M. Reeb (2003). "Founding-Family Ownership and Firm Performance: Evidence from the S&P 500." The Journal of Finance 58(3): 1301-1328.
  4. 5. Banker, R. D., R. Huang, R. Natarjan (2009). "Incentive Contracting and Value-Relevance of Earnings and Cash Flows." Journal of Accounting Research, Vol. 47, No. 3, pp. 647-678, June 2009.
  5. 6. Beiner, S., W. Drobetz, M. M. Schmid and H. Zimmermann (2006). "An integrated framework of corporate governance and firm valuation." European Financial Management 12(2): 249-283.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳柏齡(2015)。現金流量投資組合擊敗市場可行性評估。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-63。 
  2. 陳秀椿(2012)。會計師事務所更換、會計師事務所任期對公司價值影響之研究。臺中科技大學會計資訊系會計與財稅碩士班學位論文。2012。1-59。 
  3. 洪瑞章(2015)。匯率變動對我國半導產業每股盈餘之影響。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2015。1-26。
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