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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 20. 王伯儉,工程糾紛與索賠實務,元照出版有限公司,民國91年。
  2. 1. 台北市政府捷運工程局文件表格,民國95年。
  3. 2. 沈坤城,工程設計文件瑕疵之研究,國立中央大學土木工程研究所管理組碩士論文,民國92年7月。
  4. 3. 行政院公共工程委員會網站:
  5. 4. 王震宇,公共工程履約爭議關鍵因素之研究,國立交通大學工學院營建技術與管理學程碩士論文,民國94年7月。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李光華(2010)。廢水處理工程廠商之風險管理與關鍵成功因素之研究-以某工業區綜合廢水處理廠新建工程為例。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-103。 
  2. 褚乃慈(2009)。工程契約文件在工程糾紛處理上之應用探討。交通大學土木工程系所學位論文。2009。1-112。 
  3. 周天昇(2010)。國內外工程契約範本有關工期展延之比較研究。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2010。1-190。
  4. 林惠中(2011)。工期展延爭議與求償之法院判決分析。淡江大學土木工程學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-288。
  5. 唐楷勝(2012)。維護管理導向橋梁生命週期文件管理系統之建立。中央大學營建管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-65。
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