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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王愫懃,「廢電子電器物品循環再利用與物料供應系統之研究」,國立臺北科技大學,碩士論文,民國99年6月。
  2. 4. 呂長育,「稀有資源循環再生利用及戰略儲備之研究」,國立臺北科技大學,碩士論文,民國102年6月。
  3. 6. 林景儀,「廢電子電器設備回收管理與效益之研究」,國立臺北科技大學,碩士論文,民國102年6月。
  4. 8. 陳怡君,「台灣電子公司因應歐盟環保指令及綠色供應鏈管理規範之採購作法探討」,國立清華大學,碩士論文,民國98年。
  5. 10. 陳韋佑,「兩岸城市採礦發展潛力分析之研究」,國立臺北科技大學,碩士論文,民國101年6月。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭博仁(2015)。台灣地區金屬資源再生產業-以A公司為例。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2015。1-65。
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