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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁信中(2009)。芬蘭中學生 PISA 科學成就優異表現及其相關因素之探討:2007 歐洲科學教育學術參訪反思。科學教育,316,2-19。
  2. 王裕宏、張美珍、朱耀明(2012)。大學生參與博物館科技競賽的參賽動機之研究。科技博物,16(2),25-44。
  3. 石兆芬(2007)。作為教室教學伙伴之可程式化機器人(未出版碩論)。國立中央大學,中壢市。
  4. 何旻穎(2011)。國小六年級學童科學學習動機、學習策略與學業成就之相關研究(未出版碩論)。國立屏東教育大學,屏東市。
  5. 巫有鎰(1999)。影響國小學生學業成就的因果機制-以台北市與台東縣做比較。教育研究集刊,43,212-243。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳春后(2015)。自我效能與STEM樂高機器人課程對國民小學六年級學生學習成效與學習態度之影響。中央大學學習與教學研究所學位論文。2015。1-70。
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