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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 12. Earl, M.J., “Then New and Old of Business Process Redesing”,Journal of Information System,3(1),pp.5-22,1994.
  2. 14. 王柏元,「以IDEF 模型化製造現場監控系統之研究-以微機電生產管制系統為例」,國立中央大學,碩士論文,2007。
  3. 17. 謝占魁,「利用IDEF方法論建構煉油廠工業安全衛生管理體系」,元智大學,碩士論文,2001。
  4. 19. Scheer, A.-W. and Hoffmann, M, From business process model to application system: developing an information system with the House of Business Engineering (HOBE). Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 1626: 2-9,1999.
  5. 30. Snaith, M. S., and Burrow, J. C., “Priority assessment,” Transportation ResearchRecord 951, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., pp. 87-95, 1984.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李正道(2016)。工程異質採購最低標之研究-以道路鋪面養護工程為例。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2016。1-121。 
  2. 楊至中(2012)。建置山區道路資訊整合應用系統之研究 以新北市烏來區為例。中央大學土木工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-176。
  3. 洪清淵(2012)。鄰里公園兒童遊戲設施選用與安全檢驗方法之研究—以桃園縣八德市為例。中央大學土木工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-177。
  4. 朱瑞(2014)。太陽能LED路面標記應用於路面之研究。中央大學土木工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-136。
  5. 洪嘉澤(2014)。以知識本體技術與探勘方法探討台北都會區道路工程與管理系統之研究。中央大學土木工程學系學位論文。2014。1-233。
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