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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4.UK Carbon Management Framework for Major Infrastructure Projects e21C Project Report.
  2. 8.Asian Development Bank (ADB), (2010). Methodology for estimating carbon footprint of road projects, case study: India. ISBN: 978-92-9092-028-1
  3. 17.趙厚誠,「道路設對於行車碳排放之影響分析-以雪山隧道為例」,國立中央大學營建管理研究所碩士論文,2011。
  4. 23.Ishikawa, A., Amagasa,M., Shiga,T., Tomizawa, G., Tatsuta,R., and Mieno,H., ”The Max-Min Delphi method and fuzzy Delphi method via fuzzy integration”,Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 1993.
  5. 27.陳曉宜,「報社記者抵抗資源之研究」,國立政治大學傳播學院碩士在職專班,2006。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林治良(2014)。市區公車油耗與節能減碳之研究。中央大學土木工程學系學位論文。2014。1-96。
  2. 蔡委諺(2015)。工程餘土平衡與交換之減碳效益評估模式建立之研究。中央大學營建管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-115。
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