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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳瓊(2010),《臺灣地區退休老人生活滿意度影響因素》,亞洲大學健康產業管理學系碩士論文。
    2. 李蔚貞(2008),《原住民與非原住民失能者長期照護服務使用情形之比較》,國立臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所碩士論文。
    3. 周韋詩(2006),《機構式長期照護需求之影響因素及建構長期照護體系之雛議》,國立臺灣大學國家發展研究所博士論文。
    4. 林佳慧(2010),《老人健康與社經狀況的改變對生活滿意度之影響:臺灣貫時性之分析》,亞洲大學健康產業管理學系碩士論文。
    5. 林淑敏(2004),《社區榮民與非榮民老人社會支持與生活滿意度之比較研究-以台中縣為例》,實際大學家庭研究與兒童發展研究所碩士論文。
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