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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林項爵(2010)。父母教養型態、教師管教方式與國小高年級學生霸凌行為之相關探討。國立台北教育大學教育學系碩士論文。
    2. 李卓穎(2010)。高中職同儕間霸凌行為及其因應策略之研究─以花蓮地區為例。國立中正大學犯罪防治學系暨研究所碩士論文。
    3. 許春金(2007)。犯罪學。台北:三民。
    4. 張榮顯(2010)。玩耍?霸凌?國小高年級男童性霸凌者經驗之探究。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所碩士論文。
    5. 賀欣音(2010)。學生支持學校支持與學生霸凌行為關係之研究─以臺南市國中為例。國立臺南大學教育學系課程與教學碩士班。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蔡宜穎(2014)。兒童受虐與霸凌行為之關聯性研究 -以犯罪少年為例。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2014。1-183。
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