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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4.曾宛如,證券交易法原理,元照出版有限公司,2008年9月,第5版。
  2. 3.王志誠,沖洗買賣之認定基準,法令月刊,第59卷第3期,2008年3月,頁26-45。
  3. 6.朱心蘅、陳怡諠、邱惠貞,興櫃市場首次公開發行超額報酬與資訊揭露效果之探討,台灣金融財務季刊,第11卷第1期,2010年3月,頁69-92。
  4. 10.林宜男,健全興櫃股票交易機制—推薦證券商資格之鬆綁,中正大學法學集刊,第11期,2003年4月,頁14-20。
  5. 22.張心悌,短線交易百分之十大股東內部人身分之認定─最高法院九十九年台上字第一八三八號民事判決,月旦裁判時報,第7期,2011年2月,頁76-84。
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