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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王振寰 (2003)。全球化與後進國家:兼論東亞的發展路徑與轉型 Globalization and Latecomers: Implications of the East Asian Development Model and Its Trans ition。 臺灣社會學刊,(31),1-45。
  2. 何明修(2008)。沒有階級認同的勞工運動:台灣的自主工會與兄弟義氣的極限。臺灣社會研究,(72),49-91。
  3. 呂建德 (2001)。從福利國家到競爭式國家?:全球化與福利國家的危機。台灣社會學,2,263-313。
  4. 李易駿 (2001)。全球化對社會政策的挑戰:兼論台灣個案初探。台灣社會福利學刊,2,119-154。
  5. 李易駿(2012)。台灣長期失業者圖像與特徵之探討:以1997-2008年失業者特質為對照的分析。長榮大學學報,16(1),1-28。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 姚美齡(2015)。從永濟義渡碑論濁水福興宮、社寮紫南宮的地方經營。中正大學台灣文學與創意應用研究所學位論文。2015。1-193。
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