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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許樹淵 (1997)。運動生物力學。臺北市:合記圖書出版社。
  2. 彭賢勝、蔡葉榮 (2007)。旋轉式推擲鉛球動作之技術探討。國北教大體育,2,119-124。
  3. 彭賢德 (2003)。優秀鉛球選手旋轉式與背向滑步式投擲技術之運動生物力學分析 (未出版碩士論文)。台灣師範大學體育研究所,台北市。
  4. 彭賢德、彭賢順與彭賢勝 (2003)。旋轉式鉛球投擲技術之探討。教練科學,(2),102-112。
  5. 彭賢德、彭賢勝與黃長福 (2004c)。 2003 年全國運動會鉛球旋轉式投擲技術運動生物力學分折。教練科學,(4),169-179。
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