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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王仕圖、官有垣,1999,〈社會政策過程中行政科層與國會互動之研究:以1997年社會救助法之修訂為例〉,《社會政策與社會工作學刊》,第三卷,第一期,141-177頁。
    2. 王永慈,2005,〈台灣的貧窮問題:相關研究的檢視〉,《台大社工學刊》,第10期,1-54頁。
    3. 古允文,2010,〈另一個福利世界?東亞發展型福利體制初探〉,《台灣社會學刊》,第31期,189-241頁。
    4. 吳英明,1992,〈威權政治體制民主化過程中公共行政的發展〉,《中國行政評論》,第1卷,第2期,1-26頁。
    5. 林宗弘,2007,〈民主與威權的制度績效:亞洲四小龍政治經濟發展的量化分析〉,《台灣政治學刊》,第十一卷,第一期,3-67頁。
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