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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王俊傑、黃士滔(2007),「淋浴柱產品開發之研究-結合因素分析、聯合分析與網路程序分析法」,國立高雄應用科技大學工業工程與管理系,工程科技與教育學刊第四卷第一期民國九十六年三月,42~56頁。
  2. 2. 王姿惠、刁儷雅、林豐瑞(2012),「產品屬性、品牌形象、消費情境影響滿意度之研究-以具認驗證標章之生鮮農產品為例」,農業推廣文彙,第57期,39-58頁。
  3. 5. 伏佩玲(2009),「整合消費者偏好與績效評估應用於除濕機家電產品開發設計之研究」,樹德科技大學應用設計研究所碩士論文。
  4. 6. 朱唯禎(2013),「以聯合分析與系統動態學探討新產品開發之消費者偏好選擇」,成功大學工業與資訊管理學系碩士學位論文。
  5. 8. 吳俊瑋(2012),「整合Kano模式與聯合分析於偏好區隔及產品設計」,交通大學工業工程與管理系所碩士學位論文。
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