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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2.王兆鵬、吳從周,板橋地方法院實驗「當事人進行主義」之實證研究,國立臺灣大學法學論叢,第30卷第5期,頁57-129,2001年9月。
    2. 7.何賴傑,失衡的天平─有利於被告始符合公平正義?評最高法院101年度第2次刑事庭決議,台灣法學雜誌,頁58-63,2012年6月。
    3. 9.李佳玟,鑑定報告與傳聞例外-最高法院近年相關裁判之評釋,政大法學評論,第101期,頁225,2008年2月。
    4. 21.柯耀程,職權調查證據之辯證─兼論最高法院100年度第4次刑事庭會議決議,軍法專刊,第58卷第1期,頁102-116,2012年2月。
    5. 23.郭吉助,檢察官客觀性義務規定之探討,檢察新論,第13期,頁123-145,2013年1月。
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