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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余嬪、吳靜吉、陳以亨、區衿綾(2011)。不同年齡男女專業工作者之玩興與工作創新。教育心理學報,42(3),423-444。
  2. 余嬪(2004)。樂在工作-組織玩興研究。高雄師大學報,16,19-37。
  3. 余蕙芬(2011)。運用互動式電子白板對於提升國小學生課堂投入行為與英語學習態度之行動研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺北教育大學兒童英語教育學系碩士班,台北市。
  4. 李慧嫺(2005)。中文及英文之動詞語意與時貌在臺灣外語學習者時態詞素習得上所扮演之角色與影響。淡江大學英文學系博士論文。台北。
  5. 吳美惠(2011)。探討遊戲文法教學對小六學童學習英語過去式之成效。國立臺北教育大學兒童英語教育學系碩士班,台北市。
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