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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. (五) 曾國祥,審議民主的道德限制:柏林論政治自由與政治判斷,載:審議式民主的理想與侷限,巨流,2011年5月初版4刷。
    2. (二) 何建志,全民健康保險價量協議法律問題分析,國立臺灣大學法學論叢,第43卷第2期,頁381-417,2014年6月。
    3. (三) 吳庚,行政契約之基本問題,台大法學論叢第7卷第2期,頁107-146,1978年6月。
    4. (四) 李志宏、施肇榮,全民健康保險解讀系列9:總額支付制度,台灣醫界,第51卷第11期,頁37-43,2008年11月。
    5. (五) 李明濱,再談健康資訊透明化、共許醫界一個春天,台灣醫界,第55卷第3期,頁7-8,2012年3月。
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