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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 151 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 15. 葉至誠,社會政策與社會立法,秀威資訊科技股份有限公司,2009年10月。
  2. 1. 方敬綸、劉淑娟,論我國推動長照保險與其可能帶來的挑戰,源遠護理,第7卷第2期,2013年11月。
  3. 4. 王雲東、薛承泰、鄧志松、陳信木、楊培珊、詹慶恩,我國失能與失智人口及其所需照顧服務人員人力推估,臺大社會工作學刊,第25期,2012年06月。
  4. 17. 吳肖琪、葉馨婷,從醫療網經驗談台灣長期照護服務網建置,醫療品質雜誌,第5卷第5期,2011年09月。
  5. 18. 吳倍茂,談美國老人照護,品質月刊,中華民國品質學會發行,第49卷第12期,2013年12月。
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