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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂福原、歐辰雄、呂金誠(1997)臺灣樹木解說。行政院農業委員會出版。95-106頁。
  2. 林天書(1981)山胡椒精油含量及其成分差異之研究。林業試驗所研究報告第355號。
  3. 林天書(1983)山胡椒不同採集時期精油含量及其成分差異之研究。林業試驗所研究報告第398號。
  4. 郭耀綸(2001)外來入侵種長穗木之個體生態學性狀及相剋作用潛力。台灣林業科學 16: 103-104。
  5. 陳盈如(2006)應用固相微萃取技術於土肉桂及台灣肖楠葉揮發成分之分析。國立台灣大學森林環境暨資源學系碩士論文,93頁。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂理佑(2014)。馬拉巴栗粗萃液抑制小花蔓澤蘭種子發芽及生長之研究。屏東科技大學植物醫學系所學位論文。2014。1-54。 
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