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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱淑娥(2000)。台灣製造業出口競爭力與其決定因素之實證研究。國立台灣科技大學企業管理系碩士論文,台北市。
  2. 徐世康(2006)。台灣地區汽柴油出口競爭力之實證研究。國立成功大學資源工程學系碩士論文,台南。
  3. 張靜貞、許文富(2004)。台灣農產品的出口行銷-兼論政府的角色。農業與經濟,32,1-28。
  4. 陳祈睿(2007)。新農業運動-擴大推動農產品產銷履歷制度,農情與農政,179。
  5. Archibugi, D. & Pianta, M.(1992). Specialization and Size of Technological Advanced Countries: The Analysis of Patent Data. Research Policy, 21, 79-93.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃世嫻(2016)。臺灣主要水果產業出口結構與競爭力實證分析。臺中科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-118。
  2. 林豈(2017)。台灣平板玻璃產業出口競爭力實證分析。臺中科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-100。
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