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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑麗、蕭仕敏、林明彥、蔡宜純、吳鈴珠(2014).慢性腎臟病人生活品質與其相關因素探討.長庚護理,25(1),1-14。
  2. 王裕庭、楊延光、陳高欽、葉宗烈、陸汝斌(2008).五題簡式精神症狀量表在綜合醫院住院病人的效度.臺灣精神醫學,22(4),316-321。
  3. 王麗華(2005).肺癌與慢性阻塞性肺部疾病患者之憂鬱相關因素探討.(碩士),臺北醫學大學,台北市。
  4. 李偵碧、黃采薇、吳麗芬、陳夏蓮(2013).長期血液透析病患健康生活品質相關因素之探討.護理暨健康照護研究,9(3),173-181。
  5. 李碧娥、簡基勝、吳淑鈴(2009).外傷病患的健康相關生活品質-文獻探討.長庚護理, 20(2),199-206。
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