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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林侑青,「菌血症中金黃色葡萄球菌之分子分型分析」,碩士論文,慈濟大學醫學研究所,花蓮(2005)。
  2. 施佳宏、郭華仁,「番木瓜果實成熟度與種子發芽能力」,植物種苗,第6卷,第4期,第43-53頁(2004)。
  3. 陳威臣,蕭翌柱,賴建洲,蔡新聲,「培養基組成與培養容器覆蓋物封康乃馨組織培養苗玻璃質化與發根的影響」,中華農業研究,第47卷,第4期,第364-376頁(1998)。
  4. 陳惠英、顏國欽,「自由基、抗氧化防禦與人體健康」,中華民國營養學會雜誌,第23卷,第1期,第105-121頁(1998).
  5. 黃怡菁、許圳塗、陳右人、謝英雄,「果實成熟度、種子刻傷處理與培養基組成對流蘇種子整齊萌芽之影響」,臺灣園藝,第55卷,第1期,第1-12頁(2009)。
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