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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 丁志達(2003)。績效管理。台北:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 6. 吳秉恩(1999)。分享式人力資源管理。台北:翰蘆圖書。
  3. 12. 周玉婷(2000)。平衡計分卡之規劃與設計-以國內某報社為例。碩士論文,中原大學會計研究所,中壢。
  4. 15. 林進財、江長慈(2004)。以AHP法求算衛生署委外研究計畫績效評估指標權重。健康管理學刊,2(2),229-240。
  5. 16. 殷于茹(2000)。進口汽車代理商平衡計分卡設計。碩士論文,中原大學會計所,中壢。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張道群(2010)。產品資訊揭露、品牌權益與善因行銷間之關聯性研究。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2010。1-153。
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