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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳守從、李苾文、巫昌陽(2013)。民俗體育活動參與者對民俗文化認同之影響,休閒觀光與運動健康學報,3(2),9-27。
  2. 李佳珮、莊茹倩、鍾志強(2008)。遊客旅遊意象、體驗與行為意圖關係之研究-以古坑旅遊地區為例。休閒運動期刊,9, 47-59。
  3. 李清松、吳東安(2007)。城市餐飲節慶活動行銷之研究─以臺北牛肉麵節為例。運動休閒餐旅研究,3(4),118-137 。
  4. 阮昌銳(2013)。中元普渡習俗及其意義與特色。傳藝雙月刊,106,6-17。
  5. 周世玉、蕭家旗、陳麒文、陳苡廷(2010)。體驗行銷對節慶活 動形象及重遊意圖影響之探討 以臺中元宵燈會為例。企業管理學報,85,47-70。
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