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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 159 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王慶田(2009)。國小教師休閒涉入、休閒效益及幸福感之研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系,未出版碩士論文,臺中市。
  2. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2003)。高血脂防治手冊。臺中市:行政院衛生署
  3. 余瑋舲(2009)。大臺北地區自行車參與者休閒態度與休閒效益之相關硏究。國立臺灣師範大學體育研究所,未出版碩士論文,臺北市。
  4. 呂惠富(2008)。休閒運動之參與動機與休閒效益關係之研究。休閒產業管理學刊,1(1),41-53。
  5. 呂姮儒(2010)。荒野保護協會炫蜂團成員參與動機、休閒涉入與休閒效益之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系所,未出版博士論文,臺中縣。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 章綺霞(2014)。以ZMET探討文化地景如何形塑旅遊目的地意象─以八卦山國家風景區為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-212。
  2. 李秋菊(2015)。羽球運動者之休閒動機、涉入與滿意度之關係 -以雲林地區為例。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2015。1-91。
  3. 劉祝琳(2015)。中年規律網球參與者之參與動機、阻礙因素以及持續涉入因應策略。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-162。
  4. 潘義聖(2016)。路跑參與者參與動機、涉入程度與休閒效益之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2016。1-85。
  5. 鄒雨潔(2016)。衝浪活動參與者知覺風險、持續涉入與休閒效益關係之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2016。1-112。
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