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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.王楷絲,2010,"都市設計審議街道景觀知覺與視覺偏好研究─以台中市七期重劃區為例",朝陽科技大學建築及都市設計研究所,碩士論文,台中。
  2. 17.李蘭,2006,"臺灣中華花藝造型特質之研究",國立師範大學美術研究所碩士論文,台北。
  3. 20.林晏州,蘇愛媜,2012,"環境色彩組成及複雜度對都市景觀偏好之影響",國立臺灣大學園藝暨景觀學系碩士論文,台北。
  4. 21.林晏洲、黃茹蘭,1998,"行道樹視覺景觀偏好影響因素之探討",《中國園藝》,第44卷第1期,pp.323-337,台北。
  5. 26.張謙德著、黃永川譯述,1991,《瓶花譜解》,財團法人中華花藝基金會出版,台北。
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