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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 201 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤鼎傑(2013)。武術散打學員參與動機、休閒滿意度與持續參與意願之研究。未出版碩士論文,朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理所,臺中市。
  2. 王元聖(2006)。大專院校跆拳道教練領導行為與甲組跆拳道選手滿意度關係。淡江體育學報,9(1),51-59。
  3. 王元聖、洪敦賓、蔡明誌(2014)。高中職跆拳教練領導行為與選手滿意度之研究。運動知識學報,11,13-20。
  4. 王俊硯、王學富(2015)。運動舞蹈教練領導行為與團隊凝聚力之研究-以103年全民運動會為例。中原體育學報,6,50-57。
  5. 王柏森(2009)。慢速壘球參與者之參與動機、團隊凝聚力與社會支持之相關研究。未出版碩士論文,臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所,臺北市。
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