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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Chang, C. C. “Relationships between Implementation of TQM, JIT, and TPM and Business Performance.” Unpublished Master Thesis, Tatung University, 2002.
  2. Duysters, Geert and John Hagedoorn. “Core Competences and Company performance in the World-wide Computer Industry.” The Journal of High Technology Management Research, Vol.11, No.1 (2000): 75-91.
  3. Flynn, B. B., R. G. Schroeder, and S. Sakakibara. “The Impact of Quality Management Practices on Performance and Competitive Advantage.” Decision Sciences, Vol.26, No.5 (1995): 659-184.
  4. Gilgeous, Vic, and Kaussar Parveen. “Core Competency Requirements for Manufacturing Effectiveness.” Integrated Manufacturing System, Vol.12, No.3 (2001): 217-226.
  5. Hafeez, Khalid, YanBing Zhang, and Naila Malak. “Core Competence for Sustainable Competitive Advantage: A Structured Methodology for Identifying Core Competence.” IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol.49, No.1 (February 2002): 28-35.
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡子淵(2009)。台灣電子連接器產業發展核心能力分析。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-81。 
  2. 簡盈安(2009)。以自有技術開發產品之轉型方式及組織的因應—以傳統產業為例。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系學位論文。2009。1-140。 
  3. 李亞儒(2013)。建構醫療診所連鎖經營模式策略之研究。中原大學企業管理學系學位論文。2013。1-144。 
  4. 楊穎琪(2011)。我國大學生核心能力指標現況調查與建構之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-288。 
  5. 王麗秋(2013)。全面品質管理、組織學習與市場導向於休閒農業區經營績效影響之研究。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2013。1-104。 
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