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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 7 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Banker, R. D., A. Charnes, and W. W. Cooper, “Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis”, Management Science, 30, (1984): 1078-1092.
  2. Caves, D. W., L. R. Christensen, and W. E. Diewert, “The Economic Theory of Index Numbers and the Measurement of Input, Output and Productivity”, Econometric, 50, (1982): 1393-1414.
  3. Charnes, A., W. W. Cooper, and E. Rhodes, “Measuring the Efficiency of Decision Making Units”, European Journal of Operational Research, 2, (1978): 429-444.
  4. Farrell, M.J., “The Measurement of Productive Efficiency”, Journal of the Royal statistical Society, Series A, General, 120, Part3, (1957): 253-281.
  5. Hung S. W. and W. M. Lu, “The Comparative Productivity Efficiency of Taiwan’s Integrated Circuits Packaging / testing Firms”, Infor, 46(3), (2008): 189-198.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳威民(2014)。電路板測試載具之電腦輔助製造研究。臺北科技大學電資碩士班學位論文。2014。1-63。 
  2. 林佩姍(2014)。應用資料包絡法於垂直供應鏈整合分析-以塑膠製品產業為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2014。1-90。 
  3. 薛樹友(2015)。半導體經營績效與股價報酬之關係-以台灣為例。臺中科技大學財務金融研究所碩士班學位論文。2015。1-89。 
  4. 賴俐汝(2014)。雲端運算產業經營績效之研究:資料包絡分析法。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2014。1-43。
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