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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 董娟鳴(民94),步行者空間認知對空間選擇影響之研究-以台北西門徒步區為例。政治大學地政學系,博士論文,台北市。
  2. 7. 許子凡(民93),從空間概念分析虛擬實境的尋路。設計學研究,第七卷第二期,,頁43-57。
  3. 10. 管倖生與謝育仁(民89),旅遊地圖上圖式之評估。設計學報,第五卷第一期,頁63-73。
  4. 2. Alycia M. Hund & Sadie N. Nazarczuk (2009). The effects of sense of direction and training experience on wayfinding efficiency. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29(1), 151–159.
  5. 3. Coluccia, E., & Iosue, G. (2004). Gender differences in spatial orientation: Areview. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24(3), 329-340.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖曼利(2015)。定向練習與環境線索協助失智症患者尋路之研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2015。1-141。 
  2. 莊富茹(2017)。臺中火車站現況效能評估。臺中科技大學室內設計系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-101。
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