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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王順正、余奕德、連彥婷與彭佑甯(2004)。高爾夫差點運算分析。大專高爾夫專刊,2,166-174。
  2. 石翔至、翁焜煌與陳文雄(2007)。影響高爾夫開球之桿頭速度與擊球距離因素探討。大專高爾夫學刊,4,8-18。
  3. 艾建宏、賴韻宇與蘇翰松(2006)。高爾夫運動參與者參與動機與滿意度之研究~以台北高爾夫俱樂部為例~。輔仁大學體育學刊,60(5),60~76。
  4. 吳龍山與黃仲凌(2009)。台灣地區民眾運動休閒參與涉入程度、休閒滿意與幸福感之相關研究。嶺東體育暨休閒學刊,7,144-153。
  5. 林永森(2009)。自行車休閒運動參與者參與動機與幸福感關係之研究-休閒利益之中介角色。運動與遊憩研究,4(2),185–200。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施景彬(2012)。上市公司導入IFRS個案實務分析:以X集團為例。臺灣大學會計與管理決策組學位論文。2012。1-134。
  2. 歐律慧(2012)。母子公司股權移轉課稅之研究。中正大學財經法律學系學位論文。2012。1-139。
  3. 王維震(2013)。採用國際財務報導準則後內部控制之建構與實證。中正大學會計與資訊科技學系學位論文。2013。1-172。
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